Browning M1917 AND M1919 Machinery

Welcome to the article about the machine gun Browning M1917 and M1919, giving continuation to the articles of arms of World War II.

aero precision

To talk about the invention of the machine gun Browning M1919, it is necessary to go back in time or visit Guns and Ammunition for Sale at Between the late 19th century and the early 20th century, when the US still did not care much about acquiring this type of weaponry. At that time, they had not yet participated in any major conflict, only a few confrontations such as the Spanish-American War, which lasted only five months (between April 25 and August 12, 1898) the indigenous wars, which were 1836 until 1891, and the Mexican Expedition, when they went after Pancho Villa in Mexico, which resulted in the death of 15 Americans, between March 1916 and February 1917.

Before the US entered the Spanish-American War, its Army received several different machine guns, many European models such as Hotchkiss machine guns and also some Browning M1895 machine guns, manufactured by Colt and the first machine gun developed by the designer. As early as 1890, John received the patent for a machine gun with blowback operation, and in 1901 manufactured the first prototype of this type of weaponry, the model was called the M1901. The project was stagnant because of the lack of interest of the military forces in acquiring this type of armament. In 1910, John Moses Browning turned his attention to his new weapon ak47 parts and made several improvements, which was what was to become the machine gun model 1917: a heavy machine gun, powered by a belt of ammunition. Around his barrel was a kind of metal jacket, in which water was poured through a hole in his jacket to cool the barrel. His caliber was the .30-06 Springfield, standard of the army at that time.

Even with this new weapon, the US Armed Forces still had no interest in acquiring new machine guns, after all the country was not participating in any major conflict and did not intend to participate in one. Until in April 1917, with the entry of this country into World War I, acquiring machine guns became a necessity. At this time, the Americans had a meager arsenal of machine guns and the ones they had were already obsolete, in non-standard gauges. This situation became unsustainable as military personnel arriving in France needed to use armor borrowed from Allied forces, not just machine guns, but also battle tanks, as tanks had since they had exactly 0 units.

This year the Army has launched a contract for a new submachine gun. Browning delivered the prototype of the machine gun created in 1910 to military force and this prototype made 20,000 shots without any mechanical failure. Officials, still doubting Browning’s weapon, said that this model would not be able to accomplish the same feat when it was mass-produced, and in response to that John Browning gave the army a new prototype that not only repeated the feat of the previous unit , of not making any mistakes, as he made 2,000 more shots. Something praiseworthy even by modern standards. An order was then placed on 40,000 copies of the weapon, with production contracts being distributed to Colt, Remington and New England Westinghouse.

In 1918 Browning realized that he had worked well on the blowback operation system on his machine gun and then decided to upgrade his project because he wanted his weapon to be used in tanks of war, which was impossible for the M1917 model on account of her iron jacket (if she suffered any kind of damage, she could leave the weapon unused). Nor could this weapon be used in cavalry because of its excessive weight. John then made his changes to the project, removed the jacket that was cooling the pipe, added a type of heat sink around the barrel, and replaced the lighter 24 “barrel of the M1917 with a heavier 18” , among other internal changes that culminated in the birth of the model 1919 or M1919 Tank Machinegun.

The Army named the weapons according to the year they were adopted by them and so the machine gun M1917, which was developed in 1910 was called M1917. In 1917, there were 3 guns with this model, a Colt M1917 revolver, an Enfield M1917 rifle and the Browning M1917 machine gun. In 1918 Browning had already developed, fabricated and even delivered to some squads in France, during World War I, the light machine gun BAR M1918. To avoid an embarrassing situation, of having two “equal” types of armament, of the same designer, with the same model, they decided to name the new M1919 air-cooled machine gun. During this conflict was passed to the New England Westinghouse a great request of manufacture, but with the end of the War in November the number fell to 500 arms, and in total only 1300 Browning M1919 machine guns were produced for World War I. In addition, the end of the North American interest in acquiring new armaments.

The M1919 Tank Gun (or Tank Machine Gun) did not have a pointing device and to avoid this, a type of optical sight was placed on the gun receiver (besides having put a kind of removable “telescopic” stock). the M1919A1 model, which was used in Mark VIII tanks. Around 1930 Army Cavalry received several M1919 Tank Machinegun machine guns and since the original model did not have a target machine, the military of this unit adapted these pieces of other weapons by placing the crosshair on the back of the receiver and mass on a ring that was close to the tip of the barrel. They made a new tripod and presented to the Department of Supplies (Ordnance Departmant) how it would be the necessary weapon for its use.

The infantry, not to be left behind, acquired about 72 M1919 Tank Gun machine guns which also had the mass of sight adapted and allocated right in front of the receiver, making it known as M1919A3.

Between 1931 and 1936, Rock Island Armory won the .30-06 caliber weaponry rights to the Springfield Armory, and then conducted various performance tests on armaments of that caliber. All models of M1919 machine guns up to then had an 18 “barrel, but using this type of barrel the .30-06 Springfield caliber did not reach its full potential. It was then determined, after countless tests, that a 24 “barrel would improve the accuracy and distance of the shots.

In these tests two experimental models were created: M1919E2 and M1919A2E3, both equipped with 24 “pipes. The A2E3 machine gun was attached to the M1917A1 machine gun’s tripod, much like the M1919A2, but with a 24 “barrel. Its cable was a single piece of aluminum, instead of having splints of wood, the strap of aim was mounted in the window of protection of dust. It had reinforced flaps on the sides of the frame, its eye strap remained in place on the M1919A2, on a ring at the front of the barrel.

There were also other internal changes, such as various types of damping system, which consisted of various combinations of fiber discs, springs, stop cones and friction. The recoil damping system of ar parts sale, located on the back of the frame, is designed to absorb some of the energy released by the bolt movement, thereby preventing damage to the body of the weapon.

Already the experimental model M1919E2, had as main modification the location of the mass of sighting, that now was located just ahead of the body of the weapon. With the mass there, the aim radius was reduced from 60cm to 35cm, but this made equipping these vehicles with vehicles easier, since it was also foldable. This type of sight remained until the last model of Browning M1919.

The best-known and final model, the M1919A4 (which actually was not the end), came shortly after the development of the M1919A3 model. It was created to be used fixedly in vehicles (M1919A4 Fixed Machinegun), and mobile, tripod mounted (M1919A4 Flexible Machinegun). And it was precisely this model used during World War II. At this time the glocks parts for sale and all the M1919A2 models that the army owned were converted to the M1919A4 model, which now had a 24 “, heavier barrel, handle and mass of sight on the body of the weapon, had no stock or any type of latch. It worked by delay blowback action and fired with the bolt open.

The companies that produced the M1919A4 machine gun were the Rock Island Armory (RIA), Saginaw, a subsidiary company of General Motors and later by the Buffalo Arms. Other well-known companies, such as Springfield Armory, were already crowded producing the M1 Garand rifles, leaving the smaller companies to work on producing this weaponry. By the end of World War II, these companies produced about 435,000 copies of this armament, 367,000 for Saginaw, 30,000 for Rock Island Armory and 38,000 for the Buffalo Arms.

M1919Two other models were also created and also used during World War II, were the models M1919A5 and A6. The M1919A5 model was an adaptation of the M1919A4 model, which had only a larger handle for locking the handle, a different handle to hold the gun and support points to be fitted to the M3 Stuart tank dome.

The M1919A6 had a metal or wood butt attached to the handle of the gun an aero precision then a beep, instead of a tripod, a flare at the end of the barrel and a handle to carry the gun, as well as a lighter barrel. These modifications were made as an attempt to create a lighter machine gun that could be loaded and fired by a single person, since the gun itself weighed more than an M1919A4, but by using a bipod instead of a tripod, that made it lighter overall. This weapon was intended to supply the Infantry and the Parachute.

As was said, not only the M1919A5 but also the M1919A6, were used in World War II and the last also in the Vietnam War. The M1919A5 machine guns, leaving the scene of the tank for which it was developed, were all converted to A4 or A6, while A4 and A6 continued to be produced.

In 1957 the responsibility for the production of machine guns in .30-06 Springfield caliber came back to Springfield Armory with aero precision lower  and by that time they were gradually replacing the M1919A4 / A6 machine guns with the new M60 in 7.62x51mm caliber.

The use of this machine gun world was extensive and to this day there are countries that use this weaponry, some in the original form, at .30-06, others have converted it to the most modern 7.62x51mm.

5 Accounting Tips for Business Owners

5 Accounting Tips for Business Owners

There are ways to keep the finances of your company in order, without having to take care of all that work yourself.

Even if you do not recognize it, most business owners like to have control of everything, or at least find out the most things that happen in your company. While this may work with projects in marketing and marketing departments . Publicity or public relations, is not feasible in. Accounting .

Of course, keeping a lot of the financial details of your business in the head and using job costing quickbooks helps alot and has its advantages: there is no software to learn and there is no danger of a system failure or lose all data. But there are more risks involved.

Above all in accounting, you need other people to support you, as well as automated plans and systems. Although it sounds contradictory, to avoid having all the responsibility on you, it will allow you to keep a greater control of the finances . Eileen Gunn delivers, at, some useful tips for achieving this:

Major Expense Plan

It allows you to get ahead of bad times in the market and decrease the chances of losing business options . To do this you must use accounting program quickbooks accounting program and put some events like the update of the teams in the calendar, at least one year in advance. Recognize the traditional ups and downs of the market, something that many entrepreneurs do not do.

Tracking expenses

According to Raffaele Mari, an accountant in Newport Beach, California, one of the best ways to keep track of expenses is to have an exclusive credit card for the business. It is basic accounting, you can leave a person in charge of constantly checking the movements recorded by the account.

The good thing is that you can include both small and large expenses , nothing – no matter if it is a pencil or a desk – will remain unregistered.

Registration Deposits Correctly

Business owners usually make a number of deposits in their bank account throughout the year, including loans, sales income and their cash infusions. Personal savings . The problem is that at the end of the period, the owner or his accountant could be wrong and register some deposits as income and, therefore, pay taxes for more money than it corresponds.

To solve this, you must ask a person (or yourself) to adopt a system to maintain financial activities and try quickbooks accounting training to solve this problem; Whether in a notebook, an Excel spreadsheet, or software such as “Quickbooks”.

Save money for tax payments

The company may receive fines and interest for not filing tax returns on time. To avoid this, you can leave a portion of the money aside for the entire year for taxes . In addition, you should note down the deadlines on a schedule to make sure they make the payments when they are due.

Separate accounts

Never use your account or your company ‘s money for. Use quickbooks project management to avoid this from happening. You will end up confusing. It is best to have your own salary, just as if you were a traditional employee of the company. In fact, you can ask the manager to upload it to your personal account on a monthly basis.

How to Plan a Hawaii Beach Wedding on a Budget

If you want to get married in paradise, arrange a wedding in Hawaii. The unparalleled beauty and aloha spirit of the Hawaiian Islands are a natural setting for romance. Whether you want to say your barefoot vows in the waves of Maui or hold a royal event at the Pink Palace in Waikiki Beach, Hawaii offers unlimited choices for a dream wedding by the sea. Read on to learn how to arrange a wedding Beach in Hawaii.

1 Contact the Hawaiian Chamber of Commerce for information and contacts to help you plan your beach wedding.

2 Choose your island. The islands of Hawaii and their beaches are as diverse as are breathtaking. Each island has dozens of beautiful places where you can be married next to the water. Costs may vary depending on the island, location and time of year.

3 Book your room. There are beautiful beachfront hotels, restaurants, bed-and-breakfasts and parks on every island. Do your homework to find the perfect location at the best price. If the ceremony and reception are in two different places, make sure you can book both for the day and time you want.

4 Choose your wedding date. Winter brings cooler temperatures and high waves on the beaches of Hawaii, while the hot summer days waters are quieter.

5 Plan your guest list. For many couples, a Hawaiian beach wedding is also a destination wedding. Consider who you are joining and give them a lot of notice.

6 Define your budget. Even in Hawaii a beach wedding can be casual and less expensive than other settings. A small sunset ceremony at an intimate bed-and-breakfast on the Big Island can be beautiful and budget-friendly, while a beachfront wedding at the grandest hotel on Kaanapali Maui beach during peak season Tends to be more expensive.

7 Think about booking a hawaii wedding packages. Many hotels and wedding coordinators can recommend a celebrant and all the sellers you might need, such as florists, photographers and caterers. Some Hawaiian Wedding Coordinators also help with travel and accommodation arrangements.

8 Buy wedding outfit. Women can find informal wedding dresses and bridesmaids suitable for a beach wedding online or in local wedding boutiques. Men can wear casual suits, persimmons or even shorts.

9 Use the elements of Hawaiian cuisine, local flowers, island music and other touches to make your Hawaiian beach wedding even more memorable. Wear the traditional Hawaiian leis leis leaf for the ceremony, may serve Tais and Luau foods at the reception and a wedding cake of pineapple or coconut.

10 Give guests hotel options and contact information, directions, websites and other useful information. Allow enough time for your guests to make travel arrangements.

11 Contact the Ministry of Health for the island on which you will be married to get your marriage license. Both must be at least 18 years of age. Both of you must show photo ID and pay a cash fee to get your license, which is good for 30 days. No health testing is required.

Tips and Warnings

  • Since Hawaii is regularly ranked among the best honeymoon places in the world, stay in the islands after your beautiful beachfront ceremony for a magical honeymoon.
  • Many Hawaiian hotels and resorts offer all-inclusive wedding packages, which can help with your budget, as well as sellers to find and management details.
  • Carefully examine all details and contracts with your venue, suppliers and wedding coordinator to avoid surprise charges or other problems once you arrive.
  • Like many other activities, weddings can be more expensive in Maui than any other Hawaiian islands.
    If you are under 20, you may need to provide additional documents when applying for your marriage license


  • As with any beach wedding, always have a backup plan in case you are surprised by wind, rain or other unforeseen circumstances on your wedding day.
  • Be sure to have all the permits required if your Hawaiian beach wedding is held at a state park.

Austin’s 9 Practical Tips for Housekeeping

Housekeeping is never an easy task. For that , here’s what company of Maidsway did, They sent 10 austin house cleaning tips that will make the work fast and hassle free.

1. Clean greasy cutlery

Knife or spoon with butter: It is a clean country, right? Soak the loofah, scrub everything … Before washing, remove the excess with the bag of bread, or a bag, a piece of paper.

2. Trash with lots of volume

When throwing in the trash with the box of milk, bottle of soda, bottle of detergent, anything of too much volume, organized it first, as much as you can, so it will not take up all the space in your trash can. Unless you want an austin maid services do that work for you.

3. When to throw liquid things in the trash

Cooked beans, rice, or anything that leaks and leaves the stinky garbage, put it in a grocery bag based on the guide of house cleaning austin – then throw it in the trash. If possible, place outside the house to avoid bad odor.

4. Clean Blender

If you hit something that does not stick, juice type, when finished put detergent, water and turn on. Then a sponge of light and ready, is already clean. If you leave it to clean after the dirt has stuck, that’s a lot of work!

7. Dirty cups

Do not leave any coffee in the white cups. Pour a little of the water if you wash it afterwards. If it is soiled, if it is already soiled, leave it to soak for a while with bleach, it will be white – even for any white utensil, even the blender.

8. Save time by cleaning, organizing

Always try to make sure you do not leave something out of place, enjoy it when you go to a room and take the belongings there. For example: You are in the room and have glasses scattered, then go to the kitchen to drink water, take advantage and take it all. With this, on the day of the residential cleaning in austin, you gain time, and although the house is not clean, gives the impression of being tidy.

9. Polish the furniture and Carpet, yes!

Besides leaving the furniture more beautiful and shiny, it makes the dust does not stick, in this case you do not need to wipe a wet cloth (that spoils), just shake with a mop and the dirt will leave. Also don’t leave the carpet behind. Take your time and do austin carpet cleaning more often. Clean and polish furniture and carpets every 6 months.

How to Have a Happy Marriage: The Best Tips for Couple

Whether you are an old couple or newly married, there are some basic rules to follow. It is not always easy to put them into practice, but it is important to do so. If you respect them, your marriage will be more solid and you will appreciate even more the good sides of the life to two – pleasure, sex, confidence, affection.

1. Look for love balance.

Boredom, frustration and daily irritations can extinguish the flame between you and it is not by multiplying that you will revive it. On the other hand, you will succeed if you focus on the good sides of your relationship. Here’s how:

On average, twenty positive remarks are needed to compensate for the evil resulting from a single negative comment, a hard look or an impatient “hum”. Therefore, reinforce the positive and moderate the negative. Compliment your wife for her new shoes, your husband for his new blue shirt. Thank her for her participation in the household chores. Call her at her desk to tell her that you think of her (especially, avoid discussing household chores or bad grades of children).

Make sure that your compliments and thanks are sincere and specific: “I know I can always count on you to make my car safe and in perfect working order.” “This tablecloth is very pretty. You always find ways to make our home a pleasant place. “Look at your partner in the eyes when you smile at him or compliment him. Accompany a tender gesture of a happy little sigh.

When we adopt this attitude, we realize that, besides knowing how to irritate her partner, we know how to please her. After all, that’s how the relationship started. We also discover that it is always time to express his affection. When you return in the evening, hold him in your arms and kiss him so that he knows that you are happy to see him. On a rainy Sunday morning, surprise her by bringing her a coffee in bed (and stay to exchange with her). Know how to appreciate his qualities and ignore his defects. To let her know how happy you are to be with her, serve her your best smile when you carry the recycling bin on the curb. Make the resolution to kiss each other for a long time before going to bed. You do lots of little things for your children;

2. Show your affection

Touch helps to release the endorphins “pure happiness” in the one who gives as in the one who receives. Walk arm-in-arm on the way to the grocery store. When you kiss her in the morning, stroke her cheek with your fingertips. Revive these little gestures from your first moments together: a little kiss behind the ear, a hand passed through the hair, and so on. Touch is a complex language and you would gain by enriching your vocabulary.

In the long run, these small physical gestures will cement your love. Now, a united couple can wipe away all storms (and avoid infidelities more easily). To strengthen this bond, start not supporting your soul mate. When external conflicts arise, whenever possible take sides for him, or for her. Keep your secrets for yourself even if your co-workers are spreading confidences. Except urgently, do not let anyone interrupt the moments you spend together. That’s what the voicemail and latch in the bedroom are all about.

Also, make the resolution to spend 30 minutes a day together to talk about everyday things, your goals and your dreams; Avoid discussing domestic tasks or questioning the meaning of your relationship. See this half hour as a moment destined to consolidate your friendship. The results of studies indicate that friendly ties reinforce love and sexual union. Book time for intimate relationships, even if you want to put them on your agenda. What? Plan for sex? If necessary, certainly. Spontaneity is good, but if you need physical affection or love, do not wait until the ideal moment comes.

Do not wait for the opportunity to celebrate your successes. Super Bowl winners, world champions, gold medalists all have one thing in common: when they win, they celebrate. Even small victories deserve to be emphasized. If your marriage is going well, it is in itself a reason to celebrate. Go to dinner at the restaurant where you made your request in marriage or plan a trip out of season in Paris. You deserved it.

3. Keep in mind that no one is perfect.

It is sometimes tempting to hold your spouse responsible for the feelings of anger, disappointment, boredom or stress you feel about your marriage. From there to think that to improve your relationship, it is he who must change, there is only one step.

It is a mistake. When you try to change your spouse, you put him on the defensive and you find yourself in the role of the detestable character. Race results: neither of the two changes nor takes responsibility for his actions, and both are unhappy. Besides, by turning your spouse into a villain, you are unaware of all that is good in him and which is the essence of his person.

The solution is to change yourself. When one recognizes one’s own defects and pays attention to the qualities of the other, magic appears. Optimism returns. The partner feels better because he knows more appreciated and less criticized. And the two members of the couple find the motivation to change so as to give rise to even more joy.

Something that could help you think like this: adopt the Japanese philosophy of wabi sabi, that is, the acceptance of imperfection. The next time your spouse does something you dislike, take a deep breath and repeat in a low voice wabi sabi telling you that his intentions are good even if he does it wrong. Also know how to recognize and name your qualities, for example: “My wife is considerate” or “My husband has humor”.

Finally, make peace with your imperfections. Sometimes we take full responsibility for what is wrong with the couple. In high doses, the guilt paralyzes. Recognize your qualities, name them and illustrate them with examples: “I am affectionate and kind; Yesterday I gave up the last biscuit to leave it to my wife. “” I am honest; I tell him what I really think. ”

4. Give it a go.

Here is the classic advice that experts give to singles who are looking for the ideal partner: be yourself the ideal partner and the one you are looking for will come to you. The same goes for marriage. The happier you are, the better your marriage will be and the better you will manage conflict. If 15 minutes of morning yoga, passing to the decaf or a new pastime will do you good, it will reflect on your relationship, which will only be richer and happier.

In the meantime, recognize it: in the past, you took great care of your hair and were always looking for the sexiest lingerie item in town, but today you are satisfied with a stained tracksuit and Of an old distorted t-shirt. It’s time to revamp your appearance a little. Paint your mane, brush your teeth and put on a new dress. You will love what you see in the mirror, your eyes will only shine more and your gaze will inflame your husband. You know what you have to do next!

5. Show loyalty in your partners.

In a marriage, conflicts are normal, even healthy. It is how to manage them. In a study in Florida, 70% of long-standing couples who were satisfied with their relationship felt that joint problem solving was a key factor; Only 33% of unsatisfied couples mastered this approach. With a good attitude and the right tools, conflicts set the stage for greater intimacy: the possibility of being seen and loved for what one is, accepting in all its beauty the vulnerability of one’s spouse And to strengthen the bonds of marriage, sheltered from resentment and despair.

Above all, avoid criticism, confrontation and animosity, which act like gas on fire. After studying 79 couples for over 10 years, researchers at the University of California discovered that those who divorced early argued long and loudly and were always ready to go on the attack or defend. On the other hand, happy couples avoided criticism, escalation and words such as “never” and “always”.

If a dispute arises, try changing the subject, injecting a dose of humor, showing sympathy or showing your partner that you appreciate it. If it’s lost, take a moment to calm yourself down.

6. Choose the right time and place.

Avoid difficult subjects when you are tired or hungry, situations that can give rise to unpleasant remarks or black thoughts. For the same reason, do not drink alcohol during a dispute. Book it instead to celebrate the return of peace.

Never discuss your marital problems if you are busy with something else. Turn off the TV or computer, hang up the phone and close your magazine. If you are distracted or have to go out, choose another time to chat. One can not resolve a conflict while doing something else.

Also keep in mind that the way you handle these situations does not affect you. If the discussion is likely to go wrong, put an end to it and resume it when the children are not around. When they are, stay respectful and efficient. Studies have shown that children flourish and develop good interpersonal skills when parents solve problems constructively. Conversely, loud voices and cries of helplessness lead to insecurity and behavioral problems.

7. Listen to each other

The best thing you can do to strengthen your relationship is to talk less and listen more. The reproaches, the insults, the criticisms and the intimidation can only lead to the rupture or, at least, to an infernal life. When conservation takes the form of a fight, allow your partner to express his or her feelings. It will always be time to propose a solution or defend yourself. Shake his head, reformulate one of his sentences or simply signal him with a delicate “yes-yes” that you recognize the emotions that lie behind his words. Sometimes, all you need to get closer to the other is to pay attention to what he really has to say.